Science: Grades 5-6

SCIENCE: GRADE 5

Young scientists will gain exposure to many concepts in earth, life and physical science within our science curriculum. Students will interact and experiment with many different topics, all of which are framed by the scientific method and processes of inquiry. In 5th grade we will learn about:
• Life Science/Ecosystems, Communities, and Biomes
• Life Science/Life in Ecosystems
• Earth Science/Earth’s Changing Surface
• Earth Science/Earth’s Structure
• Earth Science/Rocks and Minerals
• Physical Science/The Structure of Matter

Life Science/Ecosystems, Communities, and Biomes
• We will understand that plants and animals are dependent on each other for survival
• We will learn that all places are not the same
• We will recognize that energy flows from producers to consumers to decomposers
• We will graph weather data
• We will analyze the energy flow between producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem
• We will identify biomes on a world map and discuss the effect of climate on the biomes

Life Science/Life in Ecosystems
• We will understand that living things (animals and plants) need a habitat, a role in their environment, and ability to adapt and relate to other organisms
• We will discover that a balanced ecosystem is dependent upon the interaction between predator and prey and environmental changes
• We will recognize that human activity can alter the conditions in an ecosystem
• We will identify different animals and their niche within their habitats
• We will identify different animals and how their adaptations allow them to survive in their environment
• We will research and identify alien species found in Pennsylvania
• We will discuss the importance of passing environmental laws

Earth Science/Earth’s Changing Surface
• We will explore Earth’s surface, including water and solid landforms
• We will realize that surface features can be identified by their location, shape, and elevation
• We will learn how destructive forces, such as weathering and erosion, wear down Earth’s surface features
• We will observe how forces such as deposition and volcanic activity build up Earth’s surface features
• Explore topographical map
• Interpret contour lines

Earth Science/Earth’s Structure
• We will explore Earth’s outer layer, made up of moving plates
• We will illustrate how earthquakes and volcanoes change Earth’s surface
• We will learn that mountains are formed by various processes, usually at plate boundaries and can be classified by how they form and/or by their height
• We will create a model of Earth’s layers
• We will explain the theory of plate tectonics
• We will explore the differences between the three types of plate boundaries
• We will gain an interest of plate movement/activity that creates different types of mountains (fold, fault-block, dome, volcanic)

Earth Science/Rocks and Minerals
• We will identify three types of rocks found in nature: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary
• We will divide rocks into three groups, according to how the rocks were formed
• We will learn that rocks undergo constant change due to the rock cycle

Physical Science/The Structure of Matter
• We will learn that all matter is made up of elements
• We will identify the smallest piece of an element (an atom)
• We will learn about the periodic table and how it is organized
• We will classify how two or more elements can combine to form a compound
• We will explore the particles found in the atom
• We will analyze the physical and chemical properties of elements (copper, aluminum, carbon, sulfur), classify the elements into two groups (metals and nonmetals)
• We will identify the properties of metals and nonmetals (luster, malleability, ductility)
• We will identify the atomic number, element symbol, and element name as found on the Periodic Table
• We will identify many elements and their common uses
• We will observe a chemical change involving water, baking soda, and an electric current, predict outcomes
• We will write and interpret chemical formulas that represent everyday compounds

SCIENCE: GRADE6

Young scientists will gain exposure to many concepts in earth, life and physical science within our science curriculum. Students will get the chance to interact and experiment with many different topics, all of which are framed by the scientific method and processes of inquiry.
In 6th grade we will continue to explore:
• The Scientific Method
• Life Science
• Environmental Science
• Earth Science
• Physical Science

Scientific Method unit
• We will identify and use the elements of scientific inquiry to solve problems
• We will explain and apply scientific and technological knowledge
• We will apply process knowledge to gather and interpret data
• We will know and use the technological design process to solve problems
• We will distinguish between a scientific theory and a belief
• We will explain how skepticism about an accepted scientific explanation can lead to new understandings
• We will design controlled experiments, recognize variables, and manipulate variables
• We will generate questions about objects, organisms and/or events that can be answered through scientific investigations
• We will design an investigation with limited variables to investigate a question
• We will judge the significance of experimental information in answering questions
• We will communicate appropriate conclusions from an experiment
• We will define different types of problems
• We will design and propose alternative methods to achieve solutions
• We will explain results, present improvements, identify and infer the impacts of solutions

Life Science unit
• We will ask how scientists classify organisms
• We will explore what cells do
• We will learn how organisms reproduce/grow
• We will distinguish kingdom characteristics
• We will observe and compare plants/animals
• We will explore and/or make models of cells
• We will examine models of meiosis

Environmental Unit
• We will identify renewable/nonrenewable uses
• We will determine how consumption impacts availability of resources
• We will identify recycling materials
• We will describe methods to reuse materials
• We will identify effects of long term pollution
• We will identify diseases associated with poor environmental health
• We will describe types of pest control
• We will identify environmental laws/regulations
• We will explore environmental diseases
• We will research environmental laws
• We will research various types of “pests”

Earth Science unit
• We will understand why weather occurs
• We will identify global weather patterns
• We will learn how the sun affects Earth
• We will understand what causes tides
• We will compare temperatures of soil/water
• We will explore and/or create a model of the rotation of the Earth
• We will observe shadows with a sundial
• We will explore and/or create a model to show the Sun, Moon and Earth alignment
• We will compare low and high tides
• We will explore models of the solar system
• We will compare brightness of stars

Physical Science unit
• We will learn where energy come from
• We will identify the different kinds of energy
• We will determine how energy moves from place to place
• We will use the scientific method to learn about energy, classification, magneticism, and electricity
• We will explore models of cells
• We will discover the purpose of composting
• We will test speed and acceleration
• We will explore a genetic glyph to determine personal inherited traits